History

It is believed that kunbi people entered the provinces of Khandesh from Gujrat in eleventh century, as they were forced by the Rajput tribes to leave the region. From there they probably spread into the adjoining Wardha, Nagpur and Berar Disricts. {Berar – A former division of the Central Provinces and Berar, in central India : Now Part of Maharashtra State}. Kunbis first Settlement in Nagpur and wardha Districts in 14th Century, because during the subsequent period of Gond rule we find the offices of Deshmukh and Deshpandia in existence in this area. The Deshmukh was the manager or headman of a circle of villages and was responsible for apportioning and colleting the land revenue, while the Deshpandia was a head patwari or accountant. These two titles of the Kunbis are still born by many families in the western provinces.

These offices belong to the Maratha country , as it seems that their introduction into wardha and berar in the early of 14th century, when these territories were included in the dominions of the Bahmani kings of Bijapur. A subsequent large influx (arrival) of kunbis into wardha and Nagpur took place in the 18th Century with the conquest of Raje Raghuji Bhonsla and the establishment of the Maratha kingdom of Nagpur.

Customs and traditions signify some primitive cultures of Indian societies. The culture and tradition of the Kunbi community is quite enriched. The famous saint of Maharashtra Sant Tukaram belongs to the Kunbi community.

Cultural exuberances of the Kunbi community are depicted striking in various aspects like dressing, rites, customs etc. They wear dresses which are simple, yet, quite exquisite. Aged people of the community choose white dhoti and shirt. Old Kunbi women have the tradition of wearing the sari which is quite similar to any outfits of the tribes. This sari is also known as Lugadi. Now a days though this sari was not in fashion any more, all the elderly Kunbi tribes try their level best to stick to their tradition .

The costumes of the Kunbi tribe are impressive and have a distinct style and approach. The women of this tribal community prefer to wear heavy ornaments and but in recent times, they wear light ornaments instead of the heavy ones. The women of the Kunbi tribes wear Dhorlu pendant, Teak Nath, Chudi or bangles, Mangal Sutra, Kundala earrings, Jhanhar anklets, Jhoduva silver toe rings and necklaces. The brides of the Kunbi tribes wear a saree in the Maharashtrian style, along with the different ornaments.

The Kunbi people are religious minded people; this fact is highlighted in various customs and norm that they follow through out the year. Majority of the Kunbi people revere the Mother Goddess. She is also popular as Sakti or Devi, and till date these Kunbi tribes have retained this age-old tradition and convention. The Kunbi females held special worship which is popularly acclaimed as Suvasini or the Suhasini Puja. Festivals and fairs are part and parcel of this Kunbi community. This tribal community considers Shapta Sungi Mataji as an important Goddess. They also worship the Hindu gods and goddesses like Lord Ganesha, Lord Hanuman, Lord Shiva, Parvati, Lord Krishna, Lord Vishnu